The revolution of science and technology is changing with each passing day, and the era of knowledge economy is approaching. Challenges and opportunities coexist. It is our sacred mission and arduous task to seize the opportunities, meet the challenges, enrich the people, strengthen the nation and revitalize the Chinese nation. The modernization of the world, which country took the lead and the completion of the new science and technology revolution, and actively promote the mastery of advanced scientific and technological achievements, the economy will develop rapidly, will step forward, will continue to enhance national strength, international status will increase.
In the past few decades, the world has seen the Chinese government's efforts in supporting research and development of science and technology, and has made a great deal of research achievements. Scientists from all over the world also have a high opinion of china. However, China's economic development relies on the drive of innovation is not enough, scientific research in improving the competitiveness of the real economy is still inadequate, China is still lagging behind in innovation.
It still has a long way to go to build a world scientific and technological power, and the number of graduates of science and engineering graduates is the first in the world, and the research and development resources are very rich. In 2016, the world's fastest computing 500 supercomputers, China accounted for 167 units, ranked first, the United States to 165 in second place, ranked third in Japan only 29. To strengthen scientific and technological innovation, enterprises should be more motivated market players, but also to strengthen the reform of scientific research institutions, and many efforts to form a joint force. China already has the largest number of researchers in the world, accounting for more than 20% of the total number of researchers in the world, that is to say, every 5 scientific and technical workers will have at least one chinese. The proportion of the United States and Europe is also around 20%, but because of the economic crisis, their researchers have begun to shrink significantly, while Chinese researchers are still increasing in large numbers.
"The lack of a reasonable evaluation mechanism is the major reason for the weakness of substantive innovation in China," Nankai University president Gong Ke said at the forum. Scientific research innovation should introduce more rational evaluation mechanism and establish peer evaluation in the world. Universities have become the traction in the process of innovation, of which the symbolic is the University as the core of the joint venture groups settled in the "science and Technology Park", in the form of industrial university cooperation to contribute to innovation. According to Chong Village, China's innovation drive is driven by a fairly strong system of administrative departments, well formed plans, and research institutions such as enterprises and universities.
Technology giants such as Microsoft and Google, represented by American and Western European representatives, have made great progress in the development of technology applications and artificial intelligence, developed by Google's DeepMind. In 2016, AlphaGo beat South Korea's go master Li Zaishi in weiqi. In May, it beat China's world champion Jay again. These games have aroused great concern from the Chinese government in the field of artificial intelligence. The latest government work report also clearly tells the world China's ambitions in the field of artificial intelligence: China said that by 2030, China will be a leader in global artificial intelligence.